The Center for Diabetes and Endocrine Center are very experienced in many diverse endocrine conditions. One of the most common diseases is a thyroid hormone disorder. Thyroid disorders can range from being too low (hypothyroidism) to being too high (hyperthyroidism) and they are managed with a simple blood test. Most thyroid conditions, although, uncomfortable with the proper guidance by our doctor’s thyroid problems can be managed well.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is defined as “over activity of the thyroid gland, resulting in a rapid heartbeat and an increased rate of metabolism.” Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism can be nervousness, palpitations, heat intolerance, weight loss, increased appetite, possible thyroid gland enlargement, and frequent bowel movements. There are several ways hyperthyroidism occurs:
- Graves disease: Is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism and it is the most common. A malfunction in the body’s immune system release abnormal antibodies that mimic TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) which is released by the pituitary gland. Graves disease can go into remission, so a doctor’s care is extremely important to prevent undetected relapse.
- Toxic adenomas: There can be a change in the body’s chemical balance caused by nodules that develop in the thyroid gland. These nodules secrete thyroid hormones abnormally and result in hyperthyroidism.
- Subacute thyroiditis: The thyroid gland becomes inflamed which causes the gland to “leak”.
- Cancerous growths in the thyroid gland: very rare but can also cause hyperthyroidism
What is Hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is defined as abnormally low activity of the thyroid gland. The symptoms of hypothyroidism consist of a poor ability to tolerate cold, feeling tired, depression, lack of energy, and possible depression. Some of the causes of hypothyroidism are:
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis: The body attacks the thyroid due to an autoimmune disease. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. The tissues in the thyroid stop producing hormones and must be synthetically replaced.
- Removal of the thyroid gland: The most common reason for having to remove the thyroid gland is due to the presence of nodules, tumors, or as a result of being chemically damaged.
- Large amounts of iodide: External factors can cause hypothyroidism such as contrast materials utilized before certain radiographic procedures, certain cold and sinus medications, and the heart medication, Amiodarone.
- Lithium: This pharmaceutical drug has been prescribed for many years to treat bipolar disorders.
The Center for Diabetes and Endocrine care has over 45 years of experience. This is a state-of-the-art patient-centered medical facility. If you or a loved one feels you have any of the listed signs or symptoms, we are available for you. 954-963-7100 or you can contact us via email www.diabetesendocare.com